Macular degeneration is a common eye condition which affects the macula, the central portion of the retina. It can cause several symptoms that impact your vision and quality of life. Our team at the Eye Doctors of Arizona can help you diagnose and manage macular degeneration to help retain your eyesight. We are dedicated to assisting individuals to take control of their condition and manage their symptoms. Learn more about macular treatment below.
What Is Macular Degeneration?
Macular degeneration is the gradual breakdown of the macula. It presents in two forms: dry and wet. Dry macular degeneration is the thinning of the macula that causes gradual central vision loss. Wet macular degeneration is less common, but it's when blood vessels grow underneath the retina, causing fluid or blood to leak into the macula. It's more severe and causes rapid vision loss.
While there is no cure for macular degeneration, early detection and treatment can help slow its progression and preserve remaining vision. Treatment options may include nutritional supplements, laser therapy, injections, or surgery, depending on the type and severity of the condition. It's important to schedule regular eye exams with an optometrist or ophthalmologist to detect any signs of macular degeneration early on.
Causes of Macular Degeneration
There are many reasons you could develop macular degeneration. Common risk factors include people over age 60, genetics, smoking, high blood pressure, obesity, and overexposure to UV light.
Symptoms of Macular Degeneration
Routine eye exams are essential for treating macular degeneration, as this condition presents with no signs or symptoms in its early stages. However, as it progresses, common symptoms of macular degeneration include:
- Reduced central vision
- Difficulty adapting to dark rooms or dim light
- Fading colors
- Trouble recognizing faces
- Straight lines appear bent
- Blurry printed words
Macular degeneration can only be diagnosed with a comprehensive eye exam. If you need an Ophthalmologist in Phoenix, we can help you determine if your symptoms are caused by macular degeneration.
Treating Macular Degeneration
Unfortunately, there is no cure for macular degeneration. You can, however, take great strides to prevent the disease by living a healthy lifestyle, wearing sunglasses outdoors, and getting a yearly eye exam to maintain excellent eye health. Treatments for macular degeneration include prescription medication, laser surgery, and injections. Each person's treatment will depend on the severity of his or her condition. We can help create a treatment plan for you once you have an exam at our office.
Contact Eye Doctors of Arizona for Macular Degeneration
If you need an ophthalmologist near me in Phoenix, AZ, the Eye Doctors of Arizona are here to help. Contact our office today to book your appointment with an eye care professional.