Glaucoma is an eye condition that can cause permanent vision loss if left untreated. Glaucoma has been rated as the second leading cause of blindness globally. At Eye Doctors of Arizona, we understand the seriousness of this condition and will provide you with treatment options accordingly. Read on to learn more about glaucoma and how we treat it.
What is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma damages your optic nerve. The optic nerve is responsible for sending information to your brain, which is vital for good eyesight. Although glaucoma affects people of any age, persons aged 50 and above are at a greater risk. There are two types of glaucoma:
- Open-angle glaucoma: Open-angle glaucoma occurs when there is blockage of trabecular meshwork that drains the fluid from the eyes. When this drainage system is partially blocked, fluids accumulate and increase eye pressure, eventually damaging the optic nerve.
- Acute angle glaucoma: Acute angle can either occur gradually or suddenly. It occurs when the pressure in your eye increases due to a narrow angle formed by your iris or cornea preventing fluid from flowing.
What Causes Glaucoma?
Increased eye pressure is the leading cause of glaucoma, which eventually damages the optic nerve. When the optic nerve gradually gets damaged, blind spots and vision problems occur. However, you are at more risk of having glaucoma if you fall under the following category:
- • Someone in your family has glaucoma
- • Have high internal eye pressure
- • You are over 50 years old or more
- • You are Hispanic or black
- • Medical conditions like high blood pressure
- • Have other eye conditions
- • Previous eye injury
Glaucoma is a serious eye condition, but it doesn’t show clear signs and symptoms until it’s too late. That’s where glaucoma got the nickname “silent thief” of sight. Here are signs you should look out for glaucoma:
- • Seeing halos around lights
- • Redness in the eye
- • Upset stomach and vomiting
- • Pain around or in the eyes
- • Hazy looking eyes, especially in children
- • Blurred vision
- • Constant headaches
Glaucoma has no direct cure. However, early diagnosis and proper treatment can control glaucoma, preventing vision loss. After proper diagnosis, our eye doctor will give you eye drops and oral medication to slow progression. We may suggest laser treatment or surgery reduce the pressure on your optic nerve.
Schedule an Appointment with Our Eye Doctor for Glaucoma Treatment in Phoenix, AZ
Don’t let senior eye problems like glaucoma reduce your quality of life. To catch them early enough, make sure you schedule eye checkups regularly. If you live in Phoenix, AZ, or the surrounding areas, schedule an appointment with Eye Doctors of Arizona for all your eye care services.